Revised: 23 December 2003
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FEDERAL SERVICE SECURITY
Director --- PATRUSHEV,
Nikolay Platonovich, Gen Army, appointed in Aug 99
(Profil, 30 Aug 99). Promoted to Gen Army
(Interfax, 11 Jul 01).
- Moscow, 101000, Lubyanskaya
St., no. 2; Telephone: 924-31-58 (reception), 914-39-08
(press service) (RIA Novosti,
27 Jun 02).
· "A" Directorate
· Directorate for Chechnya
· Directorate for Protection
of the Constitution
· Federal Border Service
· First Department
· Internal Security
· Nizhegorod Oblast Directorate
· N Caucasus
MD, Directorate for
Coordination, Directorate For
· Public Relations
· Security Academy
· Main Directorate for Special
Vladimir was appointed 25 Jul 98 (RIA-Novosti, 1330 GMT
15 Sep 98).
Nikolay, Gen Army, was appointed 9 Jul 96 (Moskovskiy Komsomolets, 10 Jul 96
p 1). Promoted to Col-Gen in 1996, (Rossiyskiye
Vesti, 10 Jul 96 p 1). BIOGRAPHICAL
INFORMATION: Born in 1949. Began working in the security service in
1974. “...the relationship between Barsukov
and Kovalev began long before the Kremlin garrison commander joined the
counterintelligence service. ...in December 1994, after Yevgeniy Savostyanov was
dismissed from the position of chief of the FSK [Federal
Counterintelligence Service] Moscow Directorate ...[Most-bank
incident] ...Kovalev was invited to head the Moscow directorate. ...at the time the Moscow branch was temporarily headed by Main Protection
Directorate Chief Mikhail Barsukov. ...For many
years Kovalev worked in the ideological counterintelligence and political
surveillance department. He monitored dissidents and malcontents" (Moskovskiy Komsomolets, 10
Jul 96 p 1). “Nikolay Kovalev, a 47-year-old colonel general, has
become the seventh director of the FSB since 1991. He joined the KGB
in 1974 as an ordinary operative. For two years he served in Afghanistan. After that he worked at the Moscow and Moscow Region Directorate of the Federal
Counterintelligence Service. From 20 June this year he has been the
acting director of the FSB. On Lubyanka,
he is described as a very cautious man. He always calculates the
possible consequences of any decisions. People who know him say that
at work he will not set the Thames on fire. Nevertheless, some major FSB operations
in which Kovalev has been involved have been highly successful. He
was one of the people in charge of the investigation into a large-scale
swindle involving a million counterfeit dollars which the Italian mafiosi were trying to
smuggle into Russia. In 1994, he was placed in charge of the Moscow directorate. Nikolay Kovalev does not like
to be at the center of attention, and he treats the media with
caution. Some of his colleagues at work describe him as a calm man,
one of those who in any company immediately wins
people over. He occupies a very tough stance toward crime” (NTV,
1800 GMT 9 Jul 96). Promoted to General of the Army (RIA-Novosti, 1549 GMT 23 Feb 98).
Mikhail Ivanych was appointed in Jul 95
(http://www.gov.ru/main/ministry/isp-vlast47.html). Promoted to
General of the Army (Chelyabinskiy Rabochiy, 16 Nov 95 p 2).
Sergey Vadimovich, Lt-Gen, was appointed in Feb
First Deputy Director --- PRONICHEV, Vladimir (Vremya Novostey, 1 Mar 02)
Deputy Director, Chief of the Economic Counterintelligence Department ---
ZAOSTROVTSEV, Yuriy (Nezavisimaya Gazeta, 6 Mar 02),
(Nezivisimaya Gazeta, 29 Nov 01).
- "Yuriy Yevgenyevich Zaostrovtsev war born in 1956 in the family of a KGB
staffer. He is a graduate (some people say) of the Leningrad KGB School. He served in the FSB Economic
Counterintelligence Directorate -- he was in charge of the State Customs
Committee. In 1993 he was discharged from the organs with the rank
of colonel and the post of chief of a sector of the UBKK (Directorate for
Combating Smuggling and Corruption). He received a leadership post
in the Tveruniversalbank where he headed the
security and protection service. In early 1996 he transferred to the
Medoks firm, which is part of the Sibirskiy Alyuminiy
group. In November 1998 he was reinstated in the FSB and sent to the
Economic Counterintelligence Directorate, while remaining on the staff of
the Presidential Staff, where in July 1998 he had been given the post of
assistant to Nikolay Patrushev (then head of the
Main Control Administration) and chief of a Main Control Administration
section with the rank of state counselor, 1st class. He later became
head of the FSB Directorate for Counterintelligence Support to the
Financial and Banking Sphere. Now, with the rank of deputy director
of the FSB, he is head of the economic counterintelligence
department. He planned and conducted the operation against Gusinskiy and Media-MOST" (Nezavisimaya Gazeta,
29 Nov 01). ". . .considered one of
the people closest to the president [Putin]. Zaostrovtsev
is presently one of the central figures of the PR-campaign to 'wheedle'
the president's closest circle. They present him, in
particular, as the 'economic brain of the team of Petersburg Chekists' and as a candidate to head the FSB or one of
the departments of the government's economic bloc." (Moskovskaya Pravda, 29 Nov 01).
Deputy Director, State Secretary --- SHULTS, Vladimir,
Lt-Gen, appointed 12 Jul 02 (ITAR-TASS, 25
52, was born in Nizhny Tagil,
Sverdlovsk region. His work record began as a worker with Sverdlovsk's construction trust in 1966. He graduated from
the Leningrad State University in 1972 and finished a postgraduate study at the
university in 1980. Shults worked as lecturer in
the Political College of the Interior Ministry of the USSR. He graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff in 2000. Shults worked in the FSB since 1992 as deputy chief of
the Security Ministry's Saint Petersburg and Leningrad region department. He was deputy chief and chief
of the Federal Security Service Academy in 1995-99 (ITAR-TASS, 25 Jul 00).
Deputy Director, Chief of the Department for the Protection
of Constitutional Order and Combating Terrorism --- ZHDANKOV, Aleksandr
Ivanovich, Maj-Gen (Interfax, 10 Aug 01), (http://www.gov.ru/main/ministry/isp-vlast47.html).
Deputy Director, Chief of the Department of Counterintelligence ---
SYROMOLOTOV, Oleg, Col-Gen (Rossiyskaya Gazeta, 7 May
Deputy Director --- KOLMOGOROV, Viktor (Izvestiya, 25 Sep 01).
Deputy Director --- YEZHKOV, Anatoliy (ITAR-TASS, 31 Jul 01).
Deputy Director --- UGRYUMOV, German, Vice-Adm (Ekho
Moskvy Radio, 29 Jan 01). Died of acute heart
failure in Khankala outside Chechen capital Groznyy
on 31 May 01 (ITAR-TASS, 31 May 01).
Department for the Protection of
Constitutional Order and Combating Terrorism
Chief --- ZHDANKOV, Aleksandr Ivanovich, Maj-Gen
Deputy Chief --- KOZLOV, Vladimir Sergeyevich,
Lt-Gen (Vek, 20 Jul 01).
Alpha Group, Vympel Group [FSB]
- [Former ALPHA GROUP / DETACHMENT A (Anti-terrorist unit), Fed.
Security Service] (Komsomol’skaya Pravda 26 Dec
95 p 8).
Commander --- GUSEV, Aleksandr, Col (MOSCOW NEWS, No 24-25,
30 Jun-6 Jul 95, p 3).
Chief --- VLASOV, Valentin Aleksandrovich, Lt-Gen (Rossiyskaya
Gazeta, 25 Apr 01).
graduated from the Moscow Economic Institute [MEI]. He then worked
at a scientific research institute of the Russian defense complex, where
he was involved in the development of spacecraft docking systems.
Later, upon the proposal of Nikolay Patrushev,
he served as first deputy chief of the FSB Administration for Moscow and
Moscow Oblast. During the course of his career, he has developed
"purely official and respectful" relations with Vladimir Putin (Rossiyskaya Gazeta, 25 Apr 01).
to the Federal Security Service (Nezavisimaya Gazeta, 12 Mar 03).]
ANTI-TERRORIST CENTER ? [FSB]
Director --- ?
DIRECTORATE FOR [FSB]
Gazeta, 05 Jul 00 P 1]
CONSTITUTION, DIRECTORATE FOR THE PROTECTION OF,
(DIRECTORATE K) [FSB]
- [“…involved in routine, painstaking labor. They cut out all kinds
of newspaper articles and sort them by subject category in files. The task
is more complicated when it comes to the electronic media--cassette reels
are filled with programs "of operational interest." The files
maintained by counterintelligence operatives of the "K
Directorate" are structured according to several criteria: author,
subject, chronology, and certain other parameters. But the main task of
the "newspaper moles" (and it is no secret to long-standing
journalists) is agent activity among employees of the mass media.” (Segodnya (Electronic Version) in Russian 9 Oct 98 pp
to as "Second Department" (Postfactum
Agentstvo Politicheskikh Novostey, 23 Jan 01).
Deputy Director --- KOMELKOV, Aleksandr, Col (Segodnya, 9 Oct 98, pp 1-2).
he worked under Aleksandr Korzhakov in the
Presidential Security Service (SBP), where he was responsible for
"resolving operational issues in television." The nature of SBP
"operational issues" was most diverse--from the so-called PR
campaigns (or more simply—dumping compromising materials to the press) to
regular collection of the same kind of compromising material on especially
zealous journalists. After the Korzhakov SBP was
disbanded, Komelkov stayed behind "to work
with journalists" as the assistant to Valentin
Lazutkin, chairman of the Federal Service for
Radio and Television Broadcasting. …
Komelkov while working as “deputy chief of one
of the departments of the 5th Main Directorate of the KGB (work with
dissidents), was forced into discharge from "the organs" in 1987
precisely because an agent accused him of engaging in such abuse
[misappropriation of agent funds]. It cannot be ruled out, however, that Komelkov was simply "set up" in accordance
with the reigning custom of those times.
Opened up a beer restaurant on Kutuzovskiy Prospekt, then worked in the representational office
of a large French firm, and upon his return to civil service it was in Korzhakov's department” (Segodnya
(Electronic Version) in Russian 9 Oct 98 pp 1-2).]
CONSTITUTIONAL SECURITY DEPARTMENT [FSB]
Chief --- ZOTOV, Gennadiy,
Maj-Gen (RIA, 16 Oct 98).
DIRECTORATE FOR [FSB]
- [“The Special Republic Department was set up as an integrated
organ as a result of the merger of the front-line Cheka
[Soviet security agency 1917-1922] and the military control apparatuses of
the Revolutionary Military Council. It was headed by M.S. Kedrov. The special departments were tasked with
protecting the Red Army from infiltration by counterrevoutionary
elements and with combating espionage and crime. In April 1943 the
People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs [NKVD] Special Departments
Directorate was transferred to the People's Commissariat of Defense and
started being called the "Smersh" --
from the phrase "Smersh shpionam"
[death to spies] -- People's Commissariat of Defense Main
“In the postwar
years the KGB's Third Main Directorate was in charge of the special
departments. In 1994 the special departments were transformed into
military counterintelligence departments, and in 1996 into FSB organs in the
troops.” (Krasnaya Zvezda 19 Dec 98 p 2).]
- [Missions: to counter foreign special services, to preserve state
secrets, and to combat terrorism, sabotage, organized crime, corruption,
drug trafficking, arms trafficking, and other crimes investigated by the
FSB. (Krasnaya Zvezda 19 Dec 98 p 2).]
Chief --- PETRISHCHEV, Vladimir Ivanovich, Lt-Gen
(Krasnaya Zvezda, 19 Dec 98, p 2).
OPERATIONS DIRECTORATE [FSB]
Chief --- VOLOBUYEV, Nikolay, Lt-Gen (Gazeta, 6 May 02),
- Volobuyev graduated from the Russian FSB Academy. He has been working
in counterintelligence for over 25 years, climbing all the rungs of the
ladder from operations officer to head of the Counterintelligence
Operations Directorate. He is married with two grown-up daughters,
and claims to have a very harmonious family life (Gazeta, 6 May 02).
Chief --- MURATOV, Vladimir, Maj-Gen (Segodnya, 19 Dec 00, P 1).
FACLITIES, MAIN DIRECTORATE FOR SPECIAL F. [FSB]
Head --- TSARENKO, Aleksandr, Col-Gen (Nezavisimaya
Gazeta, 04 Jul 00, P 1).
FIRST DEPARTMENT [FSB]
to be involved in the training of “special groups for infiltrating other
states. Their bases are camouflaged as though they are training
special forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and are located in Safronovsk in Moscow Oblast and near Voronezh.” (Lvov
ZA VILNU UKRAYINU in Ukrainian 20 Apr 95 p 1).]
Chief --- MOLCHANOV, Vladimir, Maj-Gen (Profil,
No 13, 31 Mar 03).
- ["Владимир Молчанов родился
в 1954 году. Окончил Пушкинское высшее командное училище ПВО и высшую
школу КГБ СССР. В органах госбезопасности
работает с 1977 года. Служил в военной контрразведке, управлениях по
борьбе с организованной преступностью, собственной безопасности, возглавлял
региональное управление ФСБ России по Камчатской области. Являлся
официальным представителем ФСБ России в Киргизской Республике. Как
отметили в пресс-службе управления ФСБ по Краснодарскому краю, новый
руководитель службы безопасности в первую очередь займется обеспечением
борьбы с терроризмом в крае, расположенном вблизи Чеченской
Республики" (Profil, No 13, 31 Mar 03).]
MOSCOW AND MOSCOW
Chief --- ZAKHAROV, Viktor, Maj-Gen (Agentstvo voyennykh
novostey, 13:52 MT, 19 Jul 00).
First Deputy Chief --- SMIRNOV, Vladimir, Lieutenant General (Segodnya, 19 Dec 00, P 1).
- [SMIRNOV December 1997- Dec 00 occupied the post of chief of the
Russian FSB Directorate for Dagestan. (Segodnya,
19 Dec 00, P 1).]
Chief --- MALYUCHENKOV, Aleksandr, Col (RIA-Novosti, 18 Apr 02)
had worked in Murmansk FSB in "early
Nineties." Previous chief, Maj-Gen Nikolay ZHARKOV, transferred
to "new position" in Saint Petersburg. (RIA-Novosti,
18 Apr 02).]
Chief --- BULAVIN, Vladimir, Lieutenant-General (Parlamentskaya Gazeta, 13 Nov 02).
MD, DIRECTORATE FOR [FSB]
Chief --- SHIDLOVSKY, L., Maj-Gen (Voyennyy
Vestnik Yuga Rossii, 17 Dec
Chief --- ZDANOVICH, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich,
Lt-Gen (Trud, 28 Feb 02).
Deputy Chief (управления программ
содействия ФСБ РФ) --- Ignatchenko,
Segey, (TРУД, 29 Oct 2002).
Chief --- ZDANOVICH, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich,
Lt-Gen (Kommersant, 10 Apr 02).
Registration and Archives Directorate
Chief --- KHRISTOFOROV, Vasiliy,
Maj-Gen. (Vremya-MN, 27 Feb 03).
INTERNAL SECURITY DIRECTORATE [FSB]
"The USB's main tasks are to expose and curtail, within the limits of
its competency, the activity of special services, terrorist groupings,
organized crime gangs, commercial structures, and public entities, and
also of individuals, aimed at the physical, or technical penetration -- or
by means of using agents -- of the security agencies and their
installations for the purpose of harming their security. Moreover, the
USB's tasks include the development of measures to ensure the security of
the apparatus of covert assistants, and the protection of buildings and
installations, utilities systems, and communications systems against
technical and physical penetration, and also acts of sabotage. Finally,
the directorate occupies itself with the detection and curtailment of
unlawful actions by the servicemen and civilian personnel of the security
bodies. The USB is tasked also with ensuring protection by the state
for the lives, health, and property of FSB staffers" (Gazeta, 17 Dec
Chief --- SHISHIN, Sergey Vladimirovich, Major-General,
APPOINTED Dec 02 (Gazeta, 17 Dec 02).
- ["Shishin was born in Vologda in 1963. He graduated from the border
school and served in the border troops and then in various subdivisions of
the KGB and FSB. He spent a long period on assignment in
Afghanistan. He is a graduate of a USSR KGB higher educational
establishment and of the State Service Academy under the Russian
Federation President. He is a candidate of economic sciences.
Prior to his appointment to the USB he occupied the post of first deputy
[chief] of the FSB Directorate for Krasnodar
Kray. He has 19 orders and medals including the Order "For
Services to the Fatherland" 3rd class" (Gazeta, 17 Dec 02).]
Chief was MARCHENKO, Vladimir, Maj-Gen, (Segodnya,
21 May 98, p 1). MARCHENKO: transferred to this post from that of
deputy chief of the Russian FSB [Federal Security Service] Department for
Combating Terrorism. Previously Vladimir Marchenko
served in Krasnodar Kray and Rostov
Oblast FSB Directorate subunits and then he moved to the capital.
Gen. Marchenko is considered a specialist in
ethnic organized crime. (Moscow Segodnya in
Russian 21 May 98 p 1).]
Notes on FSB: [FSB]
changed from Federal Counterintelligence Service (FSK) in April 1995
(Moscow NTV in Russian 2000 GMT 7 Apr 95).] Address: Rossii, 101000, ul. B Lubyanka, 1/3. Phones: Information: 924 31 58;
Press Service: 924 50 97). (Moscow NOVAYA ROSSIYA:
INFORMATSIONNO-STATISTICHESKYY ALMANAKH in Russian 1994 p 55).)
provisions of Article 13 of the new law ...gives the FSB the right to
oversee the secrecy of encrypted information at enterprises regardless of ownership
status." (Segodnya 14 Apr 95 p 2).]
to former Ministry of Security. Administrative apparatus of
1,500. Total personnel, including military & civilian, of
75,000. (Krasnaya Zvezda 10 Jan 94 p 1).
GOLUSHKO: "According to the Statute, the task of the FSK is to work
to expose, avert, and suppress intelligence-gathering and subversive
activity by foreign special services and organizations and illegal
encroachments on Russia's constitutional system, sovereignty, territorial
integrity, and defense capability. The unified counterintelligence
system incorporates territorial and regional organs in republics, krays, and oblasts and military counterintelligence
organs in the Armed Forces, Border Guard Troops and Internal Troops, and
other Russian Federation military formations." (Izvestiya 3 Feb 94
First Edition pp 1, 6).]
"all prerequisites for the revival of political surveillance have
been destroyed. The new service is intended only to expose and
terminate operations by foreign special services against the Russian
Federation and to acquire information about threats to our country's
security. It is also tasked with waging a struggle against
terrorism, the imports of weapons and drugs, and the struggle against
illegal armed formations. Despite the fact that the Border Guard Troops
have evolved into an autonomous service, the FSK will continue to provide
counterintelligence backup for the effective protection of Russia's state
borders." (Krasnaya Zvezda 11 Jan 94 p 1).]
reorganization of the Security Ministry and the creation of the FSK is in
full swing: Among other things, the former Security Ministry's
Investigation Administration has been transferred to the General
Prosecutor's Office and the Lefortovo Detention
Center transferred to the Ministry of Internal Affairs; certain special
operations subunits have moved to the Federal Government Communications
and Information Agency; and the fight against organized crime and
racketeering (apart from corruption in the top echelons of power) has been
handed over completely to the militia. On the other hand the Alfa and Vympel special antiterrorist subunits remain part of
the President's Main Protection Administration." (Komsomol’skaya
Pravda 11 Jan 94 p 1).]
Security Service [FSB] Director Vladimir Putin recently is sued an order
eliminating two vitally important structures -- the Economic
Counterintelligence Directorate [UEK] and the Counterintellignce
Support for Strategic Installations Directorate [UKROSO]. Six new
directorates have been created to replace them.
the high-profile financial-economic cases instituted in the past few years
resulted from materials supplied by these directorates. It was the UEK and
the UKROSO that provided the operational accompaniment to some scandalous
criminal cases (Aeroflot, Atoll, and so forth).
“The directorates were headed by Chekists of the
old school unaccustomed to fluctuating along with the dollar exchange
rate. Both Aleksey Pushkarenko (chief of the
UEK) and Igor Dedyukhin (chief of the UKROSO)
irritated Director Putin and Nikolay Patrushev,
his deputy and heir, long ago (they say that Putin could soon become the
Security Council secretary pure and simple, leaving the loyal Patrushev in charge: This is what happened at the Main
Control Directorate -- Putin left and Patrushev
took his place). Of course, they also irritated Berezovskiy,
and Yumashev. (Moskovskiy
Komsomolets 10 Apr 99 pp 1, 2).]