Revised: 23 December 2003

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 Director --- PATRUSHEV, Nikolay Platonovich, Gen Army, appointed in Aug 99 (Profil, 30 Aug 99).  Promoted to Gen Army (Interfax, 11 Jul 01).

  •  Moscow, 101000, Lubyanskaya St., no. 2; Telephone:   924-31-58 (reception), 914-39-08 (press service)  (RIA Novosti, 27 Jun 02).

"A" Directorate

Anti-Terrorist Center

Counterintelligence Operations Directorate

Directorate for Chechnya

Directorate for Protection of the Constitution


Federal Border Service

First Department

Internal Security

Krasnodar Kray

Military Counterintelligence



Nizhegorod Oblast Directorate 

N Caucasus MD, Directorate for

Program Coordination, Directorate For

Public Relations

Security Academy

Main Directorate for Special Facilities

Notes on FSB

Previous Directors:

  • PUTIN, Vladimir was appointed 25 Jul 98 (RIA-Novosti, 1330 GMT 15 Sep 98).
  • KOVALEV, Nikolay, Gen Army, was appointed 9 Jul 96  (Moskovskiy Komsomolets, 10 Jul 96 p 1).  Promoted to Col-Gen in 1996, (Rossiyskiye Vesti, 10 Jul 96 p 1).  BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION: Born in 1949.  Began working in the security service in 1974.   ...the relationship between Barsukov and Kovalev began long before the Kremlin garrison commander joined the counterintelligence service. December 1994, after Yevgeniy Savostyanov was dismissed from the position of chief of the FSK [Federal Counterintelligence Service] Moscow Directorate ...[Most-bank incident] ...Kovalev was invited to head the Moscow directorate. the time the Moscow branch was temporarily headed by Main Protection Directorate Chief Mikhail Barsukov. ...For many years Kovalev worked in the ideological counterintelligence and political surveillance department. He monitored dissidents and malcontents" (Moskovskiy Komsomolets, 10 Jul 96 p 1).  Nikolay Kovalev, a 47-year-old colonel general, has become the seventh director of the FSB since 1991.  He joined the KGB in 1974 as an ordinary operative.  For two years he served in Afghanistan.  After that he worked at the Moscow and Moscow Region Directorate of the Federal Counterintelligence Service.  From 20 June this year he has been the acting director of the FSB.  On Lubyanka, he is described as a very cautious man.  He always calculates the possible consequences of any decisions.  People who know him say that at work he will not set the Thames on fire. Nevertheless, some major FSB operations in which Kovalev has been involved have been highly successful.  He was one of the people in charge of the investigation into a large-scale swindle involving a million counterfeit dollars which the Italian mafiosi were trying to smuggle into Russia.  In 1994, he was placed in charge of the Moscow directorate.  Nikolay Kovalev does not like to be at the center of attention, and he treats the media with caution.  Some of his colleagues at work describe him as a calm man, one of those who in any company immediately wins people over.  He occupies a very tough stance toward crime (NTV, 1800 GMT 9 Jul 96).  Promoted to General of the Army (RIA-Novosti, 1549 GMT 23 Feb 98).
  •  BARSUKOV, Mikhail Ivanych was appointed in Jul 95 (  Promoted to General of the Army (Chelyabinskiy Rabochiy, 16 Nov 95 p 2).
  • STEPASHIN, Sergey Vadimovich, Lt-Gen, was appointed in Feb 94 (

First Deputy Director --- PRONICHEV, Vladimir (Vremya Novostey, 1 Mar 02)

Deputy Director, Chief of the Economic Counterintelligence Department --- ZAOSTROVTSEV, Yuriy (Nezavisimaya Gazeta, 6 Mar 02), (Nezivisimaya Gazeta, 29 Nov 01).

  • "Yuriy Yevgenyevich Zaostrovtsev war born in 1956 in the family of a KGB staffer. He is a graduate (some people say) of the Leningrad KGB School.  He served in the FSB Economic Counterintelligence Directorate -- he was in charge of the State Customs Committee.  In 1993 he was discharged from the organs with the rank of colonel and the post of chief of a sector of the UBKK (Directorate for Combating Smuggling and Corruption).  He received a leadership post in the Tveruniversalbank where he headed the security and protection service.  In early 1996 he transferred to the Medoks firm, which is part of the Sibirskiy Alyuminiy group.  In November 1998 he was reinstated in the FSB and sent to the Economic Counterintelligence Directorate, while remaining on the staff of the Presidential Staff, where in July 1998 he had been given the post of assistant to Nikolay Patrushev (then head of the Main Control Administration) and chief of a Main Control Administration section with the rank of state counselor, 1st class.  He later became head of the FSB Directorate for Counterintelligence Support to the Financial and Banking Sphere.  Now, with the rank of deputy director of the FSB, he is head of the economic counterintelligence department.  He planned and conducted the operation against Gusinskiy and Media-MOST" (Nezavisimaya Gazeta, 29 Nov 01).  ". . .considered one of the people closest to the president [Putin].  Zaostrovtsev is presently one of the central figures of the PR-campaign to 'wheedle' the president's closest circle.   They present him, in particular, as the 'economic brain of the team of Petersburg Chekists' and as a candidate to head the FSB or one of the departments of the government's economic bloc." (Moskovskaya Pravda, 29 Nov 01).

 Deputy Director, State Secretary --- SHULTS, Vladimir, Lt-Gen, appointed 12 Jul 02 (ITAR-TASS, 25 Jul 00).

  •  Shults, 52, was born in Nizhny Tagil, Sverdlovsk region. His work record began as a worker with Sverdlovsk's construction trust in 1966. He graduated from the Leningrad State University in 1972 and finished a postgraduate study at the university in 1980. Shults worked as lecturer in the Political College of the Interior Ministry of the USSR. He graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff in 2000. Shults worked in the FSB since 1992 as deputy chief of the Security Ministry's Saint Petersburg and Leningrad region department. He was deputy chief and chief of the Federal Security Service Academy in 1995-99 (ITAR-TASS, 25 Jul 00).

Deputy Director, Chief of the Department for the Protection of Constitutional Order and Combating Terrorism --- ZHDANKOV, Aleksandr Ivanovich, Maj-Gen (Interfax, 10 Aug 01), (

Deputy Director, Chief of the Department of Counterintelligence --- SYROMOLOTOV, Oleg, Col-Gen (Rossiyskaya Gazeta, 7 May 02).

Deputy Director --- KOLMOGOROV, Viktor (Izvestiya, 25 Sep 01).

Deputy Director --- YEZHKOV, Anatoliy (ITAR-TASS, 31 Jul 01).

Deputy Director --- UGRYUMOV, German, Vice-Adm (Ekho Moskvy Radio, 29 Jan 01).  Died of acute heart failure in Khankala outside Chechen capital Groznyy on 31 May 01 (ITAR-TASS, 31 May 01).

Department for the Protection of Constitutional Order and Combating Terrorism

Chief --- ZHDANKOV, Aleksandr Ivanovich, Maj-Gen (

Deputy Chief --- KOZLOV, Vladimir Sergeyevich, Lt-Gen (Vek, 20 Jul 01).

Alpha Group, Vympel Group [FSB]

  • [Former ALPHA GROUP / DETACHMENT A (Anti-terrorist unit), Fed. Security Service] (Komsomolskaya Pravda 26 Dec 95 p 8).

Commander --- GUSEV, Aleksandr, Col (MOSCOW NEWS, No 24-25, 30 Jun-6 Jul 95, p 3).

FSB Academy [FSB]

Chief --- VLASOV, Valentin Aleksandrovich, Lt-Gen (Rossiyskaya Gazeta, 25 Apr 01).

  • Vlasov graduated from the Moscow Economic Institute [MEI].  He then worked at a scientific research institute of the Russian defense complex, where he was involved in the development of spacecraft docking systems.  Later, upon the proposal of Nikolay Patrushev, he served as first deputy chief of the FSB Administration for Moscow and Moscow Oblast.  During the course of his career, he has developed "purely official and respectful" relations with Vladimir Putin (Rossiyskaya Gazeta, 25 Apr 01).


  • Transfered to the Federal Security Service (Nezavisimaya Gazeta, 12 Mar 03).]


Director --- ?


  • [Nezavisimaya Gazeta, 05 Jul 00 P 1]


  • [involved in routine, painstaking labor. They cut out all kinds of newspaper articles and sort them by subject category in files. The task is more complicated when it comes to the electronic media--cassette reels are filled with programs "of operational interest." The files maintained by counterintelligence operatives of the "K Directorate" are structured according to several criteria: author, subject, chronology, and certain other parameters. But the main task of the "newspaper moles" (and it is no secret to long-standing journalists) is agent activity among employees of the mass media. (Segodnya (Electronic Version) in Russian 9 Oct 98 pp 1-2).]
  • Refered to as "Second Department" (Postfactum Agentstvo Politicheskikh Novostey, 23 Jan 01).

 Deputy Director --- KOMELKOV, Aleksandr, Col (Segodnya, 9 Oct 98, pp 1-2).

  •  [Previously he worked under Aleksandr Korzhakov in the Presidential Security Service (SBP), where he was responsible for "resolving operational issues in television." The nature of SBP "operational issues" was most diverse--from the so-called PR campaigns (or more simplydumping compromising materials to the press) to regular collection of the same kind of compromising material on especially zealous journalists. After the Korzhakov SBP was disbanded, Komelkov stayed behind "to work with journalists" as the assistant to Valentin Lazutkin, chairman of the Federal Service for Radio and Television Broadcasting.
  •      Komelkov while working as deputy chief of one of the departments of the 5th Main Directorate of the KGB (work with dissidents), was forced into discharge from "the organs" in 1987 precisely because an agent accused him of engaging in such abuse [misappropriation of agent funds]. It cannot be ruled out, however, that Komelkov was simply "set up" in accordance with the reigning custom of those times.
  •       Opened up a beer restaurant on Kutuzovskiy Prospekt, then worked in the representational office of a large French firm, and upon his return to civil service it was in Korzhakov's department (Segodnya (Electronic Version) in Russian 9 Oct 98 pp 1-2).]


 Chief --- ZOTOV, Gennadiy, Maj-Gen (RIA, 16 Oct 98).


  • [The Special Republic Department was set up as an integrated organ as a result of the merger of the front-line Cheka [Soviet security agency 1917-1922] and the military control apparatuses of the Revolutionary Military Council. It was headed by M.S. Kedrov. The special departments were tasked with protecting the Red Army from infiltration by counterrevoutionary elements and with combating espionage and crime. In April 1943 the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs [NKVD] Special Departments Directorate was transferred to the People's Commissariat of Defense and started being called the "Smersh" -- from the phrase "Smersh shpionam" [death to spies] -- People's Commissariat of Defense Main Counterintelligence Directorate.

      In the postwar years the KGB's Third Main Directorate was in charge of the special departments.  In 1994 the special departments were transformed into military counterintelligence departments, and in 1996 into FSB organs in the troops.  (Krasnaya Zvezda 19 Dec 98 p 2).]

  • [Missions: to counter foreign special services, to preserve state secrets, and to combat terrorism, sabotage, organized crime, corruption, drug trafficking, arms trafficking, and other crimes investigated by the FSB. (Krasnaya Zvezda 19 Dec 98 p 2).]

 Chief --- PETRISHCHEV, Vladimir Ivanovich, Lt-Gen (Krasnaya Zvezda, 19 Dec 98, p 2).


Chief --- VOLOBUYEV, Nikolay, Lt-Gen (Gazeta, 6 May 02), (

  • Volobuyev graduated from the Russian FSB Academy.  He has been working in counterintelligence for over 25 years, climbing all the rungs of the ladder from operations officer to head of the Counterintelligence Operations Directorate.  He is married with two grown-up daughters, and claims to have a very harmonious family life (Gazeta, 6 May 02).

Dagestan [FSB]

 Chief --- MURATOV, Vladimir, Maj-Gen (Segodnya, 19 Dec 00, P 1).


 Head --- TSARENKO, Aleksandr, Col-Gen (Nezavisimaya Gazeta, 04 Jul 00, P 1).


  • [Said to be involved in the training of special groups for infiltrating other states.  Their bases are camouflaged as though they are training special forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and are located in Safronovsk in Moscow Oblast and near Voronezh. (Lvov ZA VILNU UKRAYINU in Ukrainian 20 Apr 95 p 1).]


Chief --- MOLCHANOV, Vladimir, Maj-Gen (Profil, No 13, 31 Mar 03).

  • [" 1954 . .   1977 . , , , . . - , , " (Profil, No 13, 31 Mar 03).]


Chief --- ZAKHAROV, Viktor, Maj-Gen (Agentstvo voyennykh novostey, 13:52 MT, 19 Jul 00).
First Deputy Chief --- SMIRNOV, Vladimir, Lieutenant General (Segodnya, 19 Dec 00, P 1).

  • [SMIRNOV December 1997- Dec 00 occupied the post of chief of the Russian FSB Directorate for Dagestan. (Segodnya, 19 Dec 00, P 1).]


Chief --- MALYUCHENKOV, Aleksandr, Col (RIA-Novosti, 18 Apr 02)

  • [MALYUCHENKOV had worked in Murmansk FSB in "early Nineties."  Previous chief, Maj-Gen Nikolay ZHARKOV, transferred to "new position" in Saint Petersburg. (RIA-Novosti, 18 Apr 02).]

Nizhegorod Oblast Directorate

Chief  --- BULAVIN, Vladimir, Lieutenant-General (Parlamentskaya Gazeta, 13 Nov 02).


Chief --- SHIDLOVSKY, L., Maj-Gen (Voyennyy Vestnik Yuga Rossii, 17 Dec 01).


Chief --- ZDANOVICH, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich, Lt-Gen (Trud, 28 Feb 02).
Deputy Chief  ( ) --- Ignatchenko, Segey, (T, 29 Oct 2002).


Chief --- ZDANOVICH, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich, Lt-Gen (Kommersant, 10 Apr 02).

Registration and Archives Directorate

Chief --- KHRISTOFOROV, Vasiliy, Maj-Gen. (Vremya-MN, 27 Feb 03).


  • [Shishin]  "The USB's main tasks are to expose and curtail, within the limits of its competency, the activity of special services, terrorist groupings, organized crime gangs, commercial structures, and public entities, and also of individuals, aimed at the physical, or technical penetration -- or by means of using agents -- of the security agencies and their installations for the purpose of harming their security. Moreover, the USB's tasks include the development of measures to ensure the security of the apparatus of covert assistants, and the protection of buildings and installations, utilities systems, and communications systems against technical and physical penetration, and also acts of sabotage. Finally, the directorate occupies itself with the detection and curtailment of unlawful actions by the servicemen and civilian personnel of the security bodies.  The USB is tasked also with ensuring protection by the state for the lives, health, and property of FSB staffers" (Gazeta, 17 Dec 02).]

Chief --- SHISHIN, Sergey Vladimirovich, Major-General, APPOINTED Dec 02 (Gazeta, 17 Dec 02).

  • ["Shishin was born in Vologda in 1963.  He graduated from the border school and served in the border troops and then in various subdivisions of the KGB and FSB.  He spent a long period on assignment in Afghanistan.  He is a graduate of a USSR KGB higher educational establishment and of the State Service Academy under the Russian Federation President.  He is a candidate of economic sciences.  Prior to his appointment to the USB he occupied the post of first deputy [chief] of the FSB Directorate for Krasnodar Kray.  He has 19 orders and medals including the Order "For Services to the Fatherland" 3rd class" (Gazeta, 17 Dec 02).]
  • [Previous Chief was MARCHENKO, Vladimir, Maj-Gen, (Segodnya, 21 May 98, p 1). MARCHENKO:  transferred to this post from that of deputy chief of the Russian FSB [Federal Security Service] Department for Combating Terrorism.  Previously Vladimir Marchenko served in Krasnodar Kray and Rostov Oblast FSB Directorate subunits and then he moved to the capital.  Gen. Marchenko is considered a specialist in ethnic organized crime. (Moscow Segodnya in Russian 21 May 98 p 1).]

Notes on FSB: [FSB]

  • [Name changed from Federal Counterintelligence Service (FSK) in April 1995 (Moscow NTV in Russian 2000 GMT 7 Apr 95).] Address:  Rossii, 101000, ul. B Lubyanka, 1/3. Phones:  Information: 924 31 58; Press Service: 924 50 97). (Moscow NOVAYA ROSSIYA: INFORMATSIONNO-STATISTICHESKYY ALMANAKH in Russian 1994 p 55).)
  • ["...the provisions of Article 13 of the new law the FSB the right to oversee the secrecy of encrypted information at enterprises regardless of ownership status." (Segodnya 14 Apr 95 p 2).]
  • [Successor to former Ministry of Security.  Administrative apparatus of 1,500.  Total personnel, including military & civilian, of 75,000. (Krasnaya Zvezda 10 Jan 94 p 1).
  • [MISSIONS: GOLUSHKO: "According to the Statute, the task of the FSK is to work to expose, avert, and suppress intelligence-gathering and subversive activity by foreign special services and organizations and illegal encroachments on Russia's constitutional system, sovereignty, territorial integrity, and defense capability.  The unified counterintelligence system incorporates territorial and regional organs in republics, krays, and oblasts and military counterintelligence organs in the Armed Forces, Border Guard Troops and Internal Troops, and other Russian Federation military formations." (Izvestiya 3 Feb 94 First Edition pp 1, 6).]
  • [STEPASHIN: "all prerequisites for the revival of political surveillance have been destroyed.  The new service is intended only to expose and terminate operations by foreign special services against the Russian Federation and to acquire information about threats to our country's security.  It is also tasked with waging a struggle against terrorism, the imports of weapons and drugs, and the struggle against illegal armed formations. Despite the fact that the Border Guard Troops have evolved into an autonomous service, the FSK will continue to provide counterintelligence backup for the effective protection of Russia's state borders." (Krasnaya Zvezda 11 Jan 94 p 1).]
  • ["The reorganization of the Security Ministry and the creation of the FSK is in full swing:  Among other things, the former Security Ministry's Investigation Administration has been transferred to the General Prosecutor's Office and the Lefortovo Detention Center transferred to the Ministry of Internal Affairs; certain special operations subunits have moved to the Federal Government Communications and Information Agency; and the fight against organized crime and racketeering (apart from corruption in the top echelons of power) has been handed over completely to the militia. On the other hand the Alfa and Vympel special antiterrorist subunits remain part of the President's Main Protection Administration." (Komsomolskaya Pravda 11 Jan 94 p 1).]
  • [Federal Security Service [FSB] Director Vladimir Putin recently is sued an order eliminating two vitally important structures -- the Economic Counterintelligence Directorate [UEK] and the Counterintellignce Support for Strategic Installations Directorate [UKROSO]. Six new directorates have been created to replace them.
  • All the high-profile financial-economic cases instituted in the past few years resulted from materials supplied by these directorates. It was the UEK and the UKROSO that provided the operational accompaniment to some scandalous criminal cases (Aeroflot, Atoll, and so forth).
  •      The directorates were headed by Chekists of the old school unaccustomed to fluctuating along with the dollar exchange rate. Both Aleksey Pushkarenko (chief of the UEK) and Igor Dedyukhin (chief of the UKROSO) irritated Director Putin and Nikolay Patrushev, his deputy and heir, long ago (they say that Putin could soon become the Security Council secretary pure and simple, leaving the loyal Patrushev in charge: This is what happened at the Main Control Directorate -- Putin left and Patrushev took his place). Of course, they also irritated Berezovskiy, Dyachenko, Voloshin, and Yumashev. (Moskovskiy Komsomolets 10 Apr 99 pp 1, 2).]