Chapter 1
Counterintelligence In World War II


The Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI)

Storm on the Horizon

Contributing to Victory

A New Kind of Conflict

A Continuing Need

Colepaugh and Gimpel

The Custodial Detention Program

President Roosevelt's Directive of December 1941

German Espionage Ring Captured

Counterintelligence Operations

FBI Wartime Operations

The Counter Intelligence Corps During World War II

Duquesne Spy Ring

Frederick Joubert Duquesne

Paul Bante

Max Blank

Alfred E. Brokhoff

Heinrich Clausing

Conradin Otto Dold

Rudolf Ebeling

Richard Eichenlaub

Heinrich Carl Eilers

Paul Fehse

Edmund Carl Heine

Felix Jahnke

Gustav Wilhelm Kaercher

Josef Klein

Hartwig Richard Kleiss

Herman W. Lang

Evelyn Clayton Lewis

Rene Emanuel Mezenen

Carl Reuper

Evertt Minster Roeder

Paul Alfred W. Scholz

George Gottlob Schuh

Erwin Wilhelm Siegler

Oscar Richard Stabler

Heinrich Stade

Lilly Barbara Carola Stein

Franz Joseph Stigler

Erich Strunck

Leo Waalen

Adolf Henry August Walischewski

Else Weustenfeld

Axel Wheeler-Hill

Bertram Wolfgang Zenzinger

George John Dasch

Recruitment of Saboteurs

Sabotage Training

Sabotage Equipment

Submarine Landings

Sabotage Objectives in the United States


Re: George John Dasch

Re: Ernest Peter Burger

Re: Heinrich Harm Heinck

Re: Richard Quirin

Re: Werner Thiel

Re: Hermann Otto Neubauer

Re: Herbert Hans Haupt

Re: Edward John Kerling

Plan Bodyguard

Overall Deception Policy for the War Against Germany


Present Situation

Deception Problem

Choice of Areas in Which to Contain Enemy Forces

Allied Preparation for "OVERLORD" and "ANVIL"

Russian Front

Factors Against the Achievement of the Object

Factors for the Achievement of the Object

Overall Deception Policy

Tactical Cover Plans


Means of Implementation

The GARBO Operation

Igor Sergeyevich Guzenko

The Postwar Expansion of FBI Domestic Intelligence

The Federal Loyalty-Security Program

FBI-Military Intelligence Jurisdictional Agreement

3-1 Delimitations Agreement

3-2 Instructions

3-3 Supplemental Agreements to the Delimitations Agreement

3-3.1 Instructions

Investigation of Reserve and Civilian Components of the Armed Forces

Security and the Manhattan Project

Early Aspects

The District's Security System

Organization and Scope

Expansion and Centralization

Counterintelligence Activities

Espionage Incidents

Compartmentalization Policy

Administrative Aspects

CI in World War II Bibliography

CI in World War II Chronology

CI in World War II End Notes

Chapter 2


Japan Discovers the United States is Reading Its Codes

Expansion of Japanese Espionage in North and South America

Japanese Concern About Allied Counterespionage

Japanese Interest in American Labor Unions

Reports of Japanese Intelligence Agents in America

Japanese Reports From the United States

Japanese Attempts to Expand Its Naval Intelligence Activities

Japanese Foreign Minister Requests Special Intelligence Reports Concerning Pearl Harbor

American Officials Search Japanese Business Offices in Los Angeles

Japanese Authorities Express Concern over United States' Official Inspection

Consul Morishima Suggests Further Precautions to Ensure Secrecy of Dispatches

Mr. Terasaki Plans To Confer With "America First" Committee

Arrest of Japanese in Possession of Illegal Passports

Freezing Order Curtails Japanese Intelligence Activities in America

Maj. Yano Arranges Anti-American Espionage

Minister Akiyama Estimates his Espionage and Propaganda Expenditures

Japanese Military Attaché Requests Expansion of Intelligence Facilities in the United States

Secretary Terasaki Established Net in South America

Japanese Espionage Network Begins Operations

Japanese Naval Officials in Mexico Disapprove of Furnishing General Intelligence

Ambassador Nomura Sends Representatives to "America First" Meeting

Frequency of Ship Movement is Left to Discretion of Consul

Japanese Continue To Watch Navy Maneuvers

Mr. Fuji Changes American Ship Maneuver Signals

U.S.S. Lexington Departs Hawaii

Consul Kita Notifies Tokyo of Balloon Barrage Defenses

Last Intercepted Intelligence Report Before Pearl Harbor Attack Lists Ships in Port

Inaccuracy of Japanese Intelligence Reports

Japanese Official Analyzes Roosevelt's Domestic and Foreign Strategy

Magic Bibliography

Chapter 3
Counterintelligence in the Office of Strategic Services


The Coordinator of Information

Memorandum for the Chief of Staff

Memorandum for the President

Contents of a Letter From Attorney General to Col. Donovan

Donovan's Reply to the Attorney General

Memorandum (No. 360) for the President From William J. Donovan

Donovan Letter to the President

Presidential Military Order Establishing the Office of Strategic Services (OSS)

General Order 13 Establishing a CI Division in the Secret Intelligence Branch of the OSS

General Order Establishing the Counter Espionage Branch of the Intelligence Branch of the Intelligence Service of OSS

Extract of Memorandum from Brig. Gen. William J. Donovan to Maj. Gen. W.B. Smith

SHAEF (INT) Directive No. 7 (Counterintelligence)

Contents of Gen. Donovan's Memorandum to President Roosevelt, Dated 18 November 1944

Counter-Espionage (X-2)



Personnel Procurement and Training

Inter-Branch Relations

Liaison With Other Agencies

Special Units

OSS Field Security

Field Operations


The British Services

Other Liaisons



Preparing Special Counter Intelligence Teams (SCI)

War Room


An X-2 London Desk

Insurance Unit

Establishment of Central Intelligence Agency

Substantive Authority Necessary in Establishment of a Central Intelligence Service

Executive Order 9621

Termination of the Office of Strategic Services and Disposition of its Functions

Recommendations from the Bureau of the Budget, Dated 20 September 1945

More Widespread Understanding of Intelligence

Conduct of the Intelligence Operation at the Departmental Level

Separation of Security Intelligence Activities

Coordination of Intelligence and Security Operations

Production of High-Level Intelligence

Conduct of Central Operations

Memorandum for the Director of the Strategic Services Unit

Memorandum for the Brig. Gen. John Magruder, USA 27 September 1945

Contents of Memorandum Signed by Gen. Magruder 26 November 1945

Gen. Donovan's Letter to the Director of the Bureau of Budget, Harold D. Smith

Executive Directive of 22 January 1946 Addressed to the Secretaries of State, War, and Navy

NIA Directive No. 1, Dated 8 February 1946: Policies and Procedures Governing the Central Intelligence Group

NIA Directive No. 4, Policy on Liquidation of the Strategic Services Unit 2 April 1946

CIG Directive No. 6, "Liquidation of Strategic Services Unit" (Top Secret) 8 April 1946

Enclosure "B"

Appraisal of Operations of OSS and SSU

NIA Directive No. 5, Dated 8 July 1946, Functions of the Director of Central Intelligence

House Report No. 2734 of 17 December 1946

Artifice: James Angleton and X-2 Operations in Italy11

Counterintelligence in the OSS Bibliography

Counterintelligence in the OSS End Notes


Chapter 4


Short History of Venona

The VENONA Breakthroughs

Covernames in VENONA

The VENONA Translations

Success Rate

VENONA Myths and Misunderstandings

Messages from the KGB New York Residency to Moscow Center

The COMINTERN and the Soviet Intelligence Services

KGB Organization in the United States

Line Target or Function

The Washington KGB Residency

New York Espionage Operations—The New KGB

KGB Operations

KGB and GRU Spies and Assets in the United States

KGB Espionage Against the VENONA Program

The Rosenberg/Atomic Bomb Espionage Messages

Elizabeth Bentley

Boris Morros

Donald Maclean


Venona Bibliography


Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Main