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People Against Gangsterism and Drugs (PAGAD)


PAGAD and its Islamic ally Qibla view the South African Government as a threat to Islamic values. The two promote greater political voice for South African Muslims. Abdus Salaam Ebrahim currently leads both groups. PAGADís G-Force (Gun Force) operates in small cells and is believed responsible for carrying out acts of terrorism. PAGAD uses several front names including Muslims Against Global Oppression (MAGO) and Muslims Against Illegitimate Leaders (MAIL) when launching anti-Western protests and campaigns.


Since 2001, PAGADís activities have been severely curtailed by law-enforcement and prosecutorial efforts against leading members of the organization. Between 1996 and 2000, however, they conducted a total of 189 bomb attacks, including nine bombings in the Western Cape that caused serious injuries. PAGADís previous bombing targets have included South African authorities, moderate Muslims, synagogues, gay nightclubs, tourist attractions, and Western-associated restaurants. PAGAD is believed to have masterminded the bombing on 25 August 1998 of the Cape Town Planet Hollywood.


Current operational strength is unknown, but previous estimates were several hundred members. PAGADís G-Force probably contains fewer than 50 members.

Location/Area of Operation

Operates mainly in the Cape Town area.

External Aid

Probably has ties to Islamic extremists in the Middle East.

Sources and Resources

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Created by John Pike
Maintained by Steven Aftergood
Updated May 1, 2003