[date stamped August 25, 2000]


v.                                             		No. CR 99-1417 JP



On August 15, 2000 a hearing was held on Defendant's "Motion for Discovery of Materials Related to Selective Prosecution," (Doc. No. 87). George Stamboulidis, Laura Fashing, Michael Liebman, and Paula Burnett represented the government; Mark Holscher and John Cline represented Defendant, who was present. Having carefully reviewed the briefs, the evidence, and the applicable law, I find that in camera review of certain evidence that Defendant seeks is appropriate and would be helpful to me before I make a final ruling on the motion.

Defendant seeks six categories of materials, including:

(Memo. in Supp. at 4) This list is based on a letter from Mr. Holscher to the government dated May 1, 2000. (See id. Ex. A.) The May 1, 2000 letter lists thirty-two somewhat more specific items that Defendant contends would support a claim of selective prosecution. (Id.) The government refuses to disclose the requested materials on the grounds that (1) the decision to prosecute is ill-suited to judicial review, (2) law enforcement would be chilled by subjecting the prosecutor's decisions to outside inquiry; (3) discovery would reveal the government's enforcement policy, (4) discovery would reveal the government's strategy, and (5) discovery would divert prosecutorial resources. (See Resp. at 4, Tr. at 40-43)

The government's first concern is premature given that the only question before the Court at this point is whether discovery is warranted. The same is true for the government's second ground for not disclosing the requested information. There is also no evidence, or reason to believe, that law enforcement would in any way be chilled by an in camera review of certain of the materials Defendant requests. Similarly, the government's enforcement policy will not suffer from an in camera review of certain materials. Also, an in camera review will not reveal to Defendant any of the government's prosecution strategy. Further, it is highly unlikely that the materials ordered produced for in camera review will reflect any prosecutorial strategy.

What remains is the government's concern, identified in United States v. Armstrong, 517 U.S. 456, 468 (1996), with expending prosecutorial resources. As the government candidly admitted, it can with little effort procure certain of the items described below. (See Tr. at 42.) Certain other categories of materials will require more work to compile. However, any diversion of prosecutorial resources will be minimal given that (1) much of the information for which some research will be required is in the apparent control of, and can be gathered by, individuals/agencies other than the U.S. Attorneys prosecuting this case, and (2) monitoring compliance with this order will impose a burden that is so slight as to be quite easily performed by persons within the vast array of prosecutorial resources the government has already deployed in this case.

IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED THAT the government must produce, by September 15, 2000, the following materials for in camera review: