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FAS Project on Intelligence Reform

Squillacote and Stand v. United States of America

Theresa M. Squillacote and her husband Kurt A. Stand were convicted in 1998 of conspiring to commit espionage against the United States on behalf of East Germany, the Soviet Union, the Russian Federation, and the Republic of South Africa.

The investigation and prosecution of their case relied heavily on the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA), the statute under which the government conducted clandestine surveillance of their residence.

In appealing their conviction, Squillacote and Stand questioned the use of the FISA, among other things. Their Petition for review by the Supreme Court, presented below, is perhaps the strongest challenge to the FISA that has been presented in the history of that 1978 statute. Nevertheless, the Supreme Court denied the Petition without comment on April 16, 2001.

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