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Presidential Policy Directives [PPDs]
Barack Obama Administration

In the Barack Obama Administration, the directives that are used to promulgate Presidential decisions on national security matters are designated Presidential Policy Directives (PPDs). Directives that are used to initiate policy review procedures are called Presidential Study Directives (PSDs).

In May 2013, the Administration issued a previously unknown category of directive known as a Presidential Policy Guidance (PPG). A White House fact sheet describing that classified PPG on counterterrorism operations is here. The PPG itself, declassified and released in August 2016 in response to an ACLU lawsuit, is here.


Presidential Policy Directive


PPD 1 Organization of the National Security Council System 02/13/09
PPD 2 Implementation of the National Strategy for Countering Biological Threats (National Strategy) 11/23/09
PPD 4 National Space Policy (Fact Sheet) 06/29/10
PPD 6 Global Development (Fact Sheet) 09/22/10
PPD 7 National Terrorism Advisory System (NTAS) 01/26/11
PPD 8 National Preparedness 03/30/11
PPD 10 US Ballistic Missile Defenses
PPD 11 [terms of reference for Nuclear Posture Review implementation study]
PPD 12
PPD 13 Political and Economic Reform in the Middle East and North Africa
PPD 14 Procedures Implementing Section 1022 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Fact Sheet) 02/28/12
PPD 15 Implementation of the Treaty on Open Skies 03/01/12
PPD 16 U.S. Strategy for Sub-Saharan Africa 06/14/12
PPD 17 Countering Improvised Explosive Devices 06/14/12
PPD 18 National Strategy for Maritime Security
PPD 19 Protecting Whistleblowers with Access to Classified Information 10/10/12
PPD 20 U.S. Cyber Operations Policy (TS - do not view on unclassified government system) (unclassified fact sheet) 10/16/12
PPD 21 Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience 02/12/13
PPD 22 National Special Security Events 03/28/13
PPD 23 Security Sector Assistance (Fact Sheet) 04/05/13
PPD 24 Nuclear Weapons Employment Strategy of the United States 06/19/13
PPD 25 Guideline for U.S. Government Interagency Response to Terrorist Threats or Incidents in the U.S. and Overseas (Fact Sheet)
PPD 26 National Space Transportation Policy 11/21/13
PPD 27 United States Conventional Arms Transfer Policy 01/15/14
PPD 28 Signals Intelligence Activities 01/17/14
PPD 29
PPD 30 U.S. Nationals Taken Hostage Abroad and Personnel Recovery Efforts 06/24/15
PPD 31
PPD 32
PPD 33
PPD 34
PPD 35 United States Nuclear Weapons Command and Control, Safety, and Security 12/08/15
PPD 36
PPD 37
PPD 38
PPD 39
PPD 40 National Continuity Policy 07/15/16
PPD 41 United States Cyber Incident Coordination 07/26/16
PPD 42 Preventing and Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation, Terrorism, and Use
PPD 43 United States-Cuba Normalization 10/14/16

Sources and Resources

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Maintained by Steven Aftergood
Updated August 29, 2021