[National Security Presidential Directives - NSPDs]

Fact Sheet
Office of the Spokesman
Department of State
Washington, DC
December 14, 2005

President Issues Directive to Improve the United States’ Capacity to Manage Reconstruction and Stabilization Efforts

On December 7, President Bush issued a new Directive to empower the Secretary of State to improve coordination, planning, and implementation for reconstruction and stabilization (R&S) assistance for foreign states and regions at risk of, in, or in transition from conflict or civil strife. These improved capabilities should enable the U.S. to help governments abroad exercise sovereignty over their own territories and to prevent those territories from being used as a base of operations or safe haven for extremists, terrorists, organized crime groups, or others who pose a threat to U.S. foreign policy, security, or economic interests.

The Presidential Directive establishes that the Secretary of State shall coordinate and lead integrated United States Government efforts, involving all U.S. Departments and Agencies with relevant capabilities, to prepare, plan for, and conduct stabilization and reconstruction activities. Depending on the situation, these operations can be conducted with or without U.S. military engagement. When the U.S. military is involved, the Secretary of State shall coordinate such efforts with the Secretary of Defense to ensure harmonization with any planned or ongoing U.S. military operations across the spectrum of conflict. The United States shall work with other countries and organizations, to anticipate state failure, avoid it whenever possible, and respond quickly and effectively when necessary and appropriate to promote peace, security, development, democratic practices, market economies, and the rule of law.

State Department’s Role – Supporting Transformational Diplomacy
The Presidential Directive establishes that the Secretary of State will be supported by a Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization to:

Civilian-Military Coordination:   The Secretaries of State and Defense will integrate stabilization and reconstruction contingency plans with military contingency plans, when relevant and appropriate. The Presidential Directive creates the framework to integrate these planning responsibilities. DOD Directive 3000.05 establishes how Defense will address and develop its functions for stability, security, transition and reconstruction and commits the Defense Department to supporting U.S. reconstruction and stabilization efforts.

Harnessing the Skills and Expertise Throughout the U.S. Government:   Conflict transformation requires a broad range of expertise from multiple agencies, particularly those with operational experience in post-conflict stabilization and reconstruction. The Presidential Directive calls on each agency to strengthen its capacity to respond to crises; mobilize expert staff; participate in deployed teams; and assist with planning, policy exercises, and training.

Building Global Capacity:   There is unprecedented collaboration among international and non-governmental partners to build global capacity for conflict management. The Presidential Directive instructs U.S. agencies, with the State Department in the coordination lead, to work with these key partners on early warning, prevention, and conflict response.

Making Progress Towards the President’s Goals

Source: Department of State