SORT: 5100.78

DOCI: DODD 5100.78

DATE: 19860825

TITL: DODD 5100.78 United States Port Security Program, August 25, 1986, USD(P)

Refs: (a) DoD Directive C-5100.78, "United States Port Security Program,"

November 25, 1975 (hereby canceled)

(b) National Security Decision Directive Number 200, December 4, 1985


This Directive:

1. Updates reference (a) consistent with reference (b).

2. Outlines the authorities, responsibilities, and functions relative to

appropriate security measures and programs to counter the threat posed to

U.S. security interests by admitting foreign vessels into U.S. ports.


This Directive:

1. Applies to the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Military

Departments, the Organization of the Joints Chiefs of Staff, the Defense

Intelligence Agency, the Defense Investigative Service, the Defense

Nuclear Agency, and the National Security Agency (hereafter referred to

collectively as "DoD Components").

2. Pertains to vessels of foreign countries designated under reference

(b), (hereafter called "special interest vessels"), that enter into all

harbors, ports, and waterfront facilities of the United States.


Foreign ship visits provide unique opportunities for multidisciplinary

intelligence collection over a wide spectrum of collection activity, from

visual observations by crewmen to complex operations such as interception

of electromagnetic emanations by ship-based electronic equipment.

Therefore, it is the policy of the Department of Defense to take all

feasible steps to reduce the vulnerability to hostile intelligence

collection and to prevent exploitation of the vulnerability of sensitive

Defense activities in or near U.S. port areas.


1. The Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Policy (DUSD/P) shall

coordinate Department of Defense participation in the U.S. port security

program and shall:

a.  Appoint the DoD Member for Policy on the U.S. Port Security Committee.

b.  As appropriate, consult with the Assistant Secretary of Defense

(International Security Policy) or the Assistant Secretary of Defense

(International Security Affairs) regarding international politico-military

aspects of the port security program.

2. The Secretary of the Navy is designated Executive Agent for Department

of Defense participation in the U.S. port security program and shall:

a.  Appoint a Navy staff member to act as the DoD Member for Operations on

the U.S. Port Security Committee to handle matters arising from the

administration of the program in conformance to the following guidelines:

(1) Signify nonobjection to port calls in cases with no significant

national security implications.

(2) Negotiate alternate dates for port calls when entry is approved

subject to considerations of scheduled sensitive activity and advise the

DUSD/P or designee of this.

(3) Refer to the DUSD/P requests for entry to a port that may warrant DoD

objection on security grounds if denial of entry would be precedent

setting for that port.

(4) After a precedent-setting denial of a port call, object to future

requests, if warranted, and inform the DUSD/P or designee of this.

b.  Refer congressional inquiries and all matters affecting U.S.

relationships with other countries or involving policy change or

interpretation to the DUSD/P.

c.  Develop and apply a port security vulnerability assessment program for

determining on a continuing basis the sensitivity and vulnerability of

Defense and Defense-related facilities in or near port areas under the

jurisdiction of the United States, including programing, budgeting, and


d.  Prepare and maintain lists of ports that fall into the following


(1) Those considered to be vulnerable to intelligence collection

activities against Defense and Defense-related facilities.

(2) Those not measurably sensitive from a Defense point of view and need

not be, therefore, the subject of individual examination each time a

special interest vessel seeks entry.

e.  In collaboration with the Coast Guard arid other governmental agencies,establish such other measures as may be considered necessary to frustrate

hostile intelligence collection efforts.

3. The Director, National Security Agency, shall designate a point of

contact to assist the DoD Executive Agent in fulfilling the needs of the

port security program, as required.

4. The Secretaries of the Army and the Air Force each shall designate an

appropriate organization that will have a primary responsibility to

respond to the needs of the port security program, including the

assignment or detail of appropriate personnel to assist the Executive

Agent, as required, particularly in the conduct of the port security

vulnerability assessment program.

5. DoD Components concerned shall:

a.  Identify to the Executive Agent sensitive installations for which they

are responsible in or near port areas to facilitate vulnerability surveys

and to permit appropriate notification of special interest vessel visits.

b.  Review on a continuing basis the security vulnerability of such

facilities and, where feasible, institute countermeasures as needed.

c.  To the extent of available resources, assist and cooperate fully with

the Executive Agent for DoD participation in the U.S. port security



This Directive is effective immediately.  Forward one copy of implementing

documents to the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Policy within 120


William H. Taft, IV Deputy Secretary of Defense