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Purpose and Scope

This manual concentrates on the defense against enemy efforts to disrupt or destroy our effective use of the electromagnetic spectrum for communications. Following the techniques in this manual will increase our chances for success on the AirLand battlefield.

The communications electronic counter-countermeasures (ECCM) in this manual will assist commanders, staff personnel, and radio operators. This manual will also assist signal officers and electronic warfare (EW) personnel. The techniques in this manual are proven; however, they are not all inclusive. Maintaining effective, friendly communications on the AirLand battle field will depend on our ability to enhance proven ECCM techniques.

This manual amplifies the EW doctrine in the FM 100-5 and FM 24-1. Appendix D gives instructions for implementing ECCM for radio systems. User Comments

The proponent of this publication is HQ TRADOC. Your comments on this publication are encouraged. Sbmit changes for improving this publication on DA Form 2028 (Recommended changes to Publications and Blank Forms) and key them to pages and lines of text to which they apply. If DA Form 2028 is not available, a letter is acceptable. Provide reasons for your comments to ensure complete understanding and proper evaluation. Forward your comments to Commander, United States Army Signal Center and Fort Gordon, ATTN: ATZH-DTL, Fort Gordon, Georgia 30905-5075.